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A train ferry is a ship or ferry designed to carry railway vehicles. The Cargo Deck of a ferry, barge or oceanliner deck is fitted with railway tracks, and the vessel has a door at the front and/or rear to give access to the wharve dock landing. In the United States, train ferries are sometimes referred to as "carferries".

The wharf "slip" has a ramp, and a linkspan or "apron", balanced by weights, that connects the railway tracks properly to the ship's deck, allowing for the water level to rise and fall with the tides.

Train carferries can be quickly loaded and unloaded, providing feasible use of waterway corridors.

The roll-on/roll-off, capacity allows many rail vehicles to be loaded or unloaded at once Autorack.

A train carferry that is a barge is called a car float or rail barge.

SHIP CLASSIFICATION AND VARIATIONS

  • ROPAX: Roll-On/Roll-Off Passenger Ship describes a RORO vessel built for freight vehicle transport along with passenger accommodation. Technically this encompasses all ferries with both a roll-on/roll-off car deck and passenger-carrying capacities, but in practice, ships with facilities for more than 500 passengers are often referred to as cruiseferries.

  • ConRO: A hybrid of a RORO combined with a container ship. This type of vessel has a below-deck area used for vehicle storage while stacking containerized freight on the top decks. ConRo ships, such as those in the fleet of Atlantic Container Line, can carry a combination of 1,900 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of containers, up to 1,000 TEU of heavy equipment, project and oversized cargo on three decks, and up to 2,000 automobiles on five decks. Separate internal ramp systems within the vessel segregate automobiles from other vehicles, Mafi trailers, and break-bulk cargo.

  • RoLo: A hybrid vessel type, with ramps serving vehicle decks but with other cargo decks only accessible when the tides change or by the use of a crane.

  • LMSR: Large, Medium-Speed Roll-on/Roll-off (LMSR) refers to several classes of Military Sealift Command (MSC) roll-on/roll-off type cargo ships. Some are purpose-built to carry military cargo, while others are converted.

    In today's economic growth enviroment, many global government transportation planning are using the modal share intends to convert transportation by lorries/trucks into "by railways" and carferries to push the "modal shift" project in order to "prevent/reduce global warming".






  • IN SERVICE


  • Transport In Australia

    Grafton, New South Wales over Clarence River pending construction of bridge, 1920s to 1930s.

  • The Port Lincoln division is isolated from the main system by desert and is very roundabout
    Rolling stock is transferred as required by ship or by road low loaders.


  • IN SERVICE


    AZERBAIJAN STATE CASPIAN SHIPPING COMPANY
    Ship Listing Ferry Services

  • Baku Sea Port- Azerbaijanv
  • Aktau
  • Turkmenbashi/Krasnovodsk Turkmenistan

    Sails across the Caspian Sea since 1963.
    Each ferry can simultaneously take on its board 28 wagons or 40 trailers, 202 passengers and up to 50 cars.

    The Azerbaijan State Caspian Shipping Company has fleet of 8 carferries of the "Dagestan Class" are operated on the line in the presence of freight:

  • Ak. Topchubashov,
  • Azerbaijan,
  • Dagestan,
  • Ak. G. Aliev,
  • Prof,
  • Gul,
  • Nakhichevan,
  • Mercury-1 and
  • Mercury-2.

    [] []


  • IN SERVICE


  • Balashi Ghat to Bahadurabad Ghat

  • Crossing the Brahmaputra River in Bangladesh - superseded by Jamuna Bridge, 2003; dual gauge


  • IN SERVICE


  • Train ferry service from Peru.


  • IN SERVICE


    UKFERRY LINES

  • The Varna, Bulgaria -
  • Ilyichevsk, Ukraine

    Service was extended in 2013, to include lines to:

  • Poti, Georgia
  • Batumi, Georgia
  • Derince Turkey
  • Constantza, Romania
  • Novorossiysk, Russia .

    The carferries break of gauge takes an average of 30 hours carferries route,with following ukferry vessels:

  • Geroi Shipki,
  • Geroi Plevny,
  • Geroite na Odessa,
  • Geroite na Sevastopol,
  • Greifswald,
  • Caledonia,
  • Vilnius Seaway.

    [ARR] [ARR]



  • IN SERVICES


  • Guangdong Hainan Ferry:
    The Yuehai Ferry across Qiongzhou Strait.
    Service between Zhanjiang, Guangdong and Haikou, Hainan.

    The line has operated since January 2003, carrying both freight and passenger trains, enabling direct train service between the mainland and the cities of Haikou and Sanya on Hainan Island.


    The Dalian Bohai Train Ferry

    The "Yuehai Railway Yuehaitie #1", was completed in July 26, 2006, and the "China Railway Bohai #1" was delivered before 2007.

    The carferry can carry 480 passengers, 50 trains, 50 trucks and 25 cars.

    The "Bo Hai Cui Zhu" The World Large Train carferry has been delivered early August and started corssings between Dalian and Yantian on August 8th, 2012.

    Tianjin in September 2010, and was going to be delivered to the ferry company in December 2010.

  • Bohai Train Ferry:
    Yantai in Shandong Province to Dalian in Liaoning Province.

    This short-cut line, operated by Sinorail, has been running since November 2006.
    As of 2011, it is freight-only service.

  • Jiangyin Train Ferry on the Xinyi Changxing Railway (freight only).

    Trains are carried from Jingjiang on the northern side of the Yangtze River (terminal at to Jiangyin on the southern side, ferries make 48 trips per day across the river.


  • OUT OF SERVICE


    Note: all auto and rail ferry services have been suspended between the United States and Cuba due to the ongoing United States embargo against Cuba.



    PENDING RECOMMISION OF SERVICES


    IN SERVICE


  • Frederikshavn - Göteborg, Sweden 1987-Present,freight only

  • Rødby - Puttgarden, Germany across Fehmarn Belt.
    Service since 1963-Present, serves 6 passenger trains per day, Vogelfluglinie.

    Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link
    Proposed service by 2021.
    No night Service trains only since 1997-Present: Service over the Great Belt Bridge.


  • OUT OF SERVICE


  • Travemuende - Turku
    Service from 1975-2007 freight only.

  • Turku - Stockholm
    Closed April 2012 SeaRail


  • IN SERVICE


  • Mukran - KlaipÄ—da, Lithuania
    Break-of-gauge, broad gauge on board, freight only (1986-)

  • Mukran - Ventspils, Latvia - Saint Petersburg, Russia
    Break-of-gauge, broad gauge on board, freight only (2007-)

  • Mukran - Ust-Luga, Russia
    Break-of-gauge, broad gauge on board, freight only since 2012-Present.

  • Puttgarden - Rødby, Denmark
    Passenger trains only Since 1963-Present.
    Not used by night and freight trains since 1997, service over the Great Belt Bridgeinstead).
    To be replaced by Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link in 2021.

  • Rostock - Trelleborg, Sweden
    Freight only (1994-Present)

  • Mukran - Trelleborg, Sweden
    Changed in 1998 from the old Sassnitz port to the new port nearby at Mukran
    Freight plus one daily passenger night-train. (1909-Present)


  • IN SERVICE


  • Russia to Georgia, bypasses Abkhazia.

    A new train ferry link-span terminal is under construction:
    Amirabad Special Economic Zone, Mazandaran Province, Iran.




  • IN SERVICE


  • Calabria- Sicily
    Between the ports of Villa San Giovanni
    In the Region of Calabria and Messina in the Region of Sicily, provide both passenger and freight service.

    Both "Sicily and Sardinia" services are operated by Bluvia:
    Rete Ferroviaria Italiana

    The rail Connection between "Mainland and Messina" has a regular and frequent service, while the connection between "Mainland and Sardinia" is less frequent traffic.




  • IN SERVICE


  • JR Miyajima FerryConnects Miyajimaguchi and Miyajima

    Both in Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima.
    Miyajima pier is on Itsukushima island and there is no railway there.
    Miyajimaguchi pier is near Miyajimaguchi Station.

    The ferry is operated by West Japan Railway Company(JR West).

    Miyajima Ferry carries passengers and automobiles only.

    Today, the Japanese Government Modal Share intends to convert transportation by lorries/trucks into by railways carferries to push the "Modal Shift" project in order to "prevent/reduce global warming".

    Japanese long haul car ferries were born in order to ease traffic congestion about 40 years ago. Now they are revalued as protectors for the global environment facilities.

    The function of ferries as "Bypasses of the Sea" draws the public attention again.



  • IN SERVICE


  • KlaipÄ—da- Mukran, vGermany

    In Service Since 1986-Present, freight only.
    Bogie exchanges take place in Mukran.


  • IN SERVICE


  • CG Railway
    Provides "Rail-Ship Services" between: Port of Mobile, Alabama, USA and Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico.



  • Vessel Names: BALI SEA and BANDA SEA
  • Flag: Singapore
  • Year Built: 1985, 1986 Respectively
  • Service Speed: 12-14 Knots
  • Length: 585ft/178m
  • Breadth Molded: 117ft/36m
  • Capacity: 115 Railcars on 2 decks
  • Deck Protection: 30ft/10m Sidewalls

    It is served by:

  • Burlington Northern Railroad,
  • Canadian National Railway,
  • CSX Transportation,
  • Kansas City Southern Railway,
  • Norfolk Southern Railway.


  • IN SERVICE


  • The Interislander Operaters two train carferries:

  • Arahura
  • Interislander Service: December 1983
  • Built: Denmark 1983
  • Service History: Interislander
  • Flag: New Zealand
  • Port of Registry: Wellington
  • Passenger Capacity: 550
  • Interislander Staff Numbers: 45
  • Road Vehicles: 125
  • Trucks: 12
  • Rail Capacity: 24 wagons/railcars

  • Aratere,
  • Interislander Service: January 1999
  • Built: Spain 1998
  • Service History: Interislander
  • Flag: New Zealand
  • Port of Registry: Wellington
  • Passenger Capacity: 670
  • Interislander Staff Numbers: 31
  • Vehicle Capacity: 30 trucks (800 tonnes) or 230 cars (160 tonnes)
  • Rail Capacity: Maximum 32 wagons/railcars (maximum 1,700 tonnes) Cook Strait

    Between Wellington and Picton, Service Provides both "road and rail cargo" on separate decks.

  • Kaitaki
  • Built: Rotterdam, 1995
  • Service History: P&O and Irish Ferries
  • Flag: British
  • Passenger Capacity: 1650
  • Interislander Staff Numbers: 60
  • Car and Truck Capacity: 1780 lane metres
  • Rail Capacity: NO RAIL SERVICES




  • IN SERVICE


  • Link with Bolivia across Lake Titicaca.

    The car float Manco Capac has dual gauge tracks for both Peruvian standard gauge and Bolivian meter gauge.

    There are small stretches of dual gauge trackage at Puno in Peru and Guaqui in Bolivia.
    Car loading and unloading are done at docks.

    The British-built steamship Ollanta
    PeruRail, has authority for the vessel maintanance and operations
    Ollanta is now refurbished for tourist cruises and PeruRail has leased her out for charter work.




  • IN SERVICE


    BLACK SEA

  • Port Kavkaz to Port Krym ( Ukraine), across the Kerch Strait.
    Operated from 1953 to 1993, service restored as a carferry 2004.
  • Varna- Illichivsk

    [] []

    PACIFIC OCEAN

  • Vanino - Kholmsk
    Connecting Sakhalin Island with the mainland.
    Since 1973 the ferry line is operated by the Sakhalin Shipping Company.

    Since Sakhalin railways use the Japanese gauge, the railcars are transported from the Russian mainland, require bogies changed; at Kholmsk.

    [ARR] [ARR]

  • Length: 127.3M
  • Gross Register Tonnage: 5,025grt
  • Breadth Moulded: 19.8M
  • Net Register Tonnage: 1,646nrt
  • Depth Moulded: 8.8 M
  • Output: 6 x 2,600ehp
  • Mean Light Draught: 4.89M
  • Bunkers Diesel Oil: 158t
  • Mean Load Draught: 6.20M
  • Wagon/Rail Capacity: 26
  • Light displacement: 5,485t
  • Deadweight: 2,245t
  • Tons per 1 cm of draught: 17.0
  • Berths: 24
  • Seats: 48
  • Total: 72
  • Sailing Range: 1,000ml
  • Wagon Deck Dimensions: 105M
  • Crew: 41
  • Speed: 16.5-18kn 19.5M

    CASPIAN SEA

  • Baku, Azerbaijan to Turkmenbashi, Turkmenistan

    The Caspian Shipping Company Caspar) has 9 train carferries.

    [ARR] [ARR]

    BALTIC SEA

  • Baltijsk to Sassnitz-Mukran ( Germany), started in 2006.

  • Baltijsk to Ust-Luga


  • IN SERVICE

  • Ystadv ĹšwinoujĹ›cie, Poland (1974-Present)

  • Gothenburg Frederikshavn, Denmark (1987-Present)

  • Trelleborg Rostock, Germany (1996-Present)

  • Trelleborg Sassnitz ( Mukran port), Germany, (1998-Present)

    Ferries operated by: SCANDLINES


    Rřdby, Denmark and Puttgarden, Germany: 19-kilometre (12 mi)
    The carferry route between ports

    List of Scandline's Carferries service ports of Rødby and Puttgarden:

  • M/F Prins Richard
  • M/F Deutschland
  • M/F Prinsesse Benedikte
  • M/F Schleswig-Holstein
  • M/F Prins Richard
  • M/F Holger Danske

    Ferries take 45 minutes and operate twice an hour, 24 hours a day.

    The ships act as car and train ferry simultaneously.

    List of Scandline's Carferries service ports of Gedser and Rostock:

  • M/F Prins Joachim
  • M/F Kronprins Frederik  

    List of Scandline's Carferries service ports of Helsingør and Helsingborg:

  • M/F Tycho Brahev
  • M/F Hamlet

    PORTS



  • Port Center
  • Puttgarden
  • Rødby
  • Gedser
  • Rostock
  • Helsingør
  • Helsingborg

    The carferry is for freight trains and road vehicles only, except that there is a nightly passenger train service between:

    Malmö, Sweden and Berlin, Germanyv over Trelleborg Sassnitz.




  • IN SERVICE



  • Bosphorus:
    Train ferry connects the European railway network with main connections from Thessaloniki, Greece and Bucharest, Romania
    Terminating at the Sirkeci Terminal to the Asian network.
    Terminating at the HaydarpaĹźa Terminal.

    This train carferry is for freight only. Passengers use passenger ferries.

    The MarmarayRail Tunnel Project, to be complete in 2015, will replace the ferry connection.

  • Black Sea: Ilyichevsk, Ukraine to Derince, Turkey bypasses a break of gauge

  • Black Sea:- Samsun, Turkey to Kavkaz, Russia: Launched in December 2010

  • Lake Van - Tatvan Van.

    The Istanbul-Tehran and Damascus Tehran passenger trains operate from each terminus to the ferry ports.Only the luggage van takes the ferry, the passengers have to change at both ends.

    The Lake Van ferry is part of the planned Trans-Asian Railway, Istanbul-Singapore.
    A scheduled freight train runs from Istanbul to Kazakhstan.

    The train ferry was established to avoid an expensive railroad line along the mountainous southern shore and may be replaced when traffic increases sufficiently; there are reports of financing discussions between the governments of Turkey and Iran.

    The ferry route is 96km long while a rail alternative on the north side would be 250km long in mountainous terrain.

    There are two ferries each of 16 coach capacity capable of making three trips per day.



  • M/F Erdeniz is a train carferry that carries railcars between Eregli and Zonguldak ports.
    The vessel operates every day except Sunday.
    The vessel is operated by Alyans .

    Carferry M/F Erdeniz approaching Van harbour.
  • Route: Turkeys Alyans Chartering & Shipping
  • IMO: 7727334
  • Building Year: 1979-1986
  • Building Yard: Ankerlřkken Verft, Florř, Norway (#110)
  • Owner: Turkeys Alyans Chartering & Shipping
  • Operator: Turkeys Alyans Chartering & Shipping
  • Length: 162,0 m / 198,51 m
  • Breadth: 20,2 m / 22,35 m
  • Draft: 4,5 m / 7,03 m
  • GT: 15.195
  • Machinery: 2 Lindholmen/SEMT Pielstick PC2
  • Speed: 19 (Max) kn.
  • Number of Passengers: 12
  • Number of Beds: 12
  • Number of Railcars:
  • Lanemetres:
  • Number of Railway Tracks: 5
  • Length of Railway Tracks: 806m
  • Port of Registry:
  • Flag: Turkey
  • Former Names:

    Trekroner (1998-2004-Scandlines GmbH)
    Trekroner (1997-1998-Scandlines A/S DK)

  • Trekroner (1986-1997-DanLink)
  • Scandia Wasa (1983-1986)
  • Milora (1979-1983)


  • IN SERVICE

  • Train Carferry on Lake Victoria
    Uganda Railway:
    Port Bell to Tanzania at Mwanza.



  • MV Kabalega,
  • MV Kaawa,
  • MV Pemba.

    However, in the early hours of 8 May 2005 Kabalega and Kaawa collided[4] almost head-on. Kaawa damaged her bow and Kabalega suffered damage to her bow and flooding in two of her buoyancy tanks. Kaawa managed to return to port but a few hours after the collision Kabalega sank about 8 nautical miles (15 km) southeast of the Ssese Islands.

    After the collision Pamba was suspended from service and no Ugandan ferries now remain in operation.

    In May 2008 the Daily Monitor stated that it expected the Ugandan government to announce in that year's budget speech a government allocation of 14 billion Ugandan Shillings to buy a new train ferry to replace Kabalega. However, in September 2009 Uganda Radio Network said the Ugandan government was unlikely to replace Kabalega soon. Instead, the Minister of Works proposed to improve port facilities at Jinja and Port Bell and let private operators run railway car floats with greater capacity than the ferries. The minister stated that Kaawa and Pemba would be reconditioned and returned to service and that private businesses had expressed an interest in raising Kabalega and restoring her to use as a private concession.

    In October 2009 the Ugandan government reiterated that it would recondition the Pamba and Kaawa and return them to service in 2010 and 2011 respectively.


  • IN SERVICE


  • New York New Jersey Rail, LLC
    (replaced: New York Cross Harbor Railroad), transferring freight cars between: Jersey City, New Jersey and Brooklyn, New York.





    This car float still operates because rail cars with flammable and hazardous materials are not permitted in the former Pennsylvania Railroad, now Amtrak, tunnels under the East River, Manhattan and the Hudson River, and because the tunnel clearances of the tunnels are inadequate for most freight cars.

  • Alaska Railroad
    Operates "Alaska Marine Line" rail and container barge service.
    Alaska Railroad runs rail-barge Services from: Whittier Alaska to Seattle Washington,



  • Canadian National Railway
    Operates its AquaTrain between: Whittier, Alaska and Prince Rupert, British Columbia.



  • Central Gulf Railroad
    Provide "Rail-Ship Services" between: Port of Mobile and Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico.



    It is served by:

  • BNSF Railway,
  • Canadian National Railway,
  • CSX Transportation,
  • Kansas City Southern Railway, and the
  • Norfolk Southern Railway.

  • Chesapeake Bay - Bay Coast Railroad from Norfolk to Cape Charles, Virginia. The shortline railroad has two carfloats (25 & 15 cars each) that cross the Chesapeake Bay about twice a week.

  • Mobile, Alabama to City Of Ponce Puerto Rico Transporation

    OUT SERVICE 2010

    The Chemex Railroad/Port of Ponce Railroad was a short standard gauge industrial railroad located in the southern city of Ponce and was the last remaining operational freight railroad on the entire island until it ceased operations sometime in 2010.

    It first began operations in 1988 under the control of CHEMEX Corporation's predecessor PharmaChem, a supplier of chemicals to Puerto Rico’s pharmaceutical industry, which primarily used the railroad to ship inbound chemical products via a railroad ferry connection from Mobile, Alabama in the U.S. mainland to the marine terminal within the Puerto de Las Américas.

    The entire rail system consisted of an:

  • Eight-track railroad yard,
  • Railroad ferry terminal,
  • Two diesel switcher locomotives "EMD SW1 and EMD SW9".

    About twice each month from the Port of Mobile, the railroad ferry service transported an average of 24 tank cars throughout each voyage, delivering and receiving both loaded and unloaded cars from the terminal to the rest of the national U.S. rail network.





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